On Monday we had the appearance of an article in the leading science journal Nature, one entitled "It’s time to admit that genes are not the blueprint for life." The article was by biologist Denis Noble, and it tells us something contrary to what we have been told endless times by biologists who misled us about DNA.
- Reason #1: The “language” used by DNA is a minimal feature-poor language lacking any grammar or capability for expressing anything like a blueprint, a recipe, a program or an algorithm for making a human being.
- Reason #2: Even if the “language” used by DNA had the capability of expressing a blueprint or recipe or program for making a human, there would be nothing that we know of capable of interpreting such instructions.
- Reason #3: Despite cataloging the entire human genome, and exhaustively analyzing it, scientists have not discovered any part of DNA where a blueprint of the human body or a recipe for making humans is stored.
- Reason #4: If DNA stored a human blueprint or human recipe or body plan, humans would have a much larger DNA than simpler organisms; instead, the opposite is often true.
- Reason #5: The DNA size of humans is insufficient to be a blueprint or recipe for the human body with all its complexities.
- Reason #6: If DNA stored a recipe or blueprint for making humans, we would probably sometimes see extremely jumbled bodies resulting from mutations, but we don't see such “scrambled humans.”
- Many described DNA or the genome as a blueprint for an organism.
- Many said DNA or the genome is a recipe for making an organism.
- Many said DNA or the genome is a program for building an organism, making an analogy to a computer program.
- Many claimed that DNA or genomes specify the anatomy of an organism.
- Many claimed that genotypes (the DNA in organisms) specify phenotypes (the observable characteristics of an organism).
- Many claimed that genotypes (the DNA in organisms) "map" phenotypes (the observable characteristics of an organism) or "map to" phenotypes.
- Many claimed that DNA contains "all the instructions needed to make an organism."
- Many claimed that there is a "genetic architecture" for an organism's body or some fraction of that body.
- Using a little equation, many claimed that a "genotype plus the environment equals the phenotype," a formulation as false as the preceding statements, since we know of nothing in the environment that would cause phenotypes to arise from genotypes that do not specify such phenotypes.
The genetic code, which can express only chemicals, not 3D structures